Southern Cross is a triploid hop developed as a bittering hop by New Zealand HortResearch. This variety has excellent essential oils and low co-humulone.
This hop is a very versatile variety with a fruity aroma and a high alpha acid content, it is especially useful for aromatic uses as well. It is a citrus-like hop, with a slight pine note and hints of spicy flavor.
Origin and History
Southern Cross is a New Zealand hop variety that was developed by the HortResearch breeding program. It is a cross between Smooth Cone and the result of a Californian and English Fuggle hop.
This variety has been a mainstay in New Zealand craft brewing since its release in 1994. It has a soft bitterness and features citrus and pine/spice aromas.
Its low cohumulone levels make it a versatile early kettle addition for most styles, and its lemon zest and pine needle aromas are especially welcome in American hoppy beers. It is a great IPA hop, although it is also an excellent addition to any hoppy beer style.
Characteristics and Flavor Profile
A variety released in 1994 by the New Zealand HortResearch hop breeding program, Southern Cross is a cross between Smooth Cone and English Fuggle. With low co-humulone, this hop delivers a delicate balance of citrus and spice for late kettle additions.
This non-dwarf varietal of the Whitebine series is a sister to Canterbury and Farnham, offering an aroma of light floral and freshness that pairs well with any style of beer. Alpha acids of 4% to 7% let the distinct aroma come through and give the hops just enough bittering quality.
A Wye College bred from the same lineage as First Gold and Herald, Pilgrim hops offer fantastic bittering and aromatic qualities in any beer. With an alpha acid range of 9% to 13%, Pilgrim provides an excellent base for Bitters and Pale Ales with an aroma of spice, cedar and honey.
Southern Cross was bred by Hort Research in New Zealand, as a result of a cross between Smooth Cone and the American and English Fuggle. Released in 1994, it’s a dual-purpose hop with aroma descriptors that include citrus and tropical fruit with hints of lemon zest, lime, pine, and spice.
With excellent essential oils and low cohumulone, Southern Cross delivers a delicate balance of citrus and spice when added at the end of the boil. This is a highly aromatic variety that can be used throughout the brewing process, but tends to work best as a first addition bittering hop.
With an alpha acid range of about 12% to 17%, Herkules provides a powerful bittering quality in German style Ales and Lagers. This hop also has a unique aroma of spicy, pine, and peppery notes that complements its bittering qualities.
Pairing of $ prompt with different beer styles
A dual purpose hop, Southern Cross was bred in New Zealand and is a nod to the country’s pioneering spirit. It is the best known of the three varieties that make up the Kiwi pack, and it is a staple in commercial brewers’ arsenals. Its high alpha acid content makes it a worthy beermaking ingredient and its fruity, floral aroma is a nice addition to the nose of any Pale Ale fan.
It is no secret that beer drinkers are big on alpha acids, and the 12% that Southern Cross provides should be well worth the trip to the farmers market. Using this coveted malt in your brewing rotation is sure to deliver a memorable dram that’s likely to be remembered for years to come.
Availability and Cultivation
Southern Cross is a triploid hop and originated from a breeding program in New Zealand. Released in 1994, this hop is a cross between Smoothcone “Cali” and Fuggle.
It has a high alpha acid range and citrus and tropical fruit aroma descriptors. It also has a low cohumulone level and delivers a delicate balance of citrus and spice when added toward the end of the boil.
Southern Cross was developed in New Zealand and is a dual-purpose hop that can be used as both bittering and aroma. Its lemon zest and pine needle essence make it a reliable mainstay for the Brewpub market. It is most often selected as a first addition bittering hop for Pale Ales and IPAs. It can be used for a variety of other beer styles as well.